In a country headed by religious leaders like Iran, although there was no specific law banning women from coming to the yard, right after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, female audiences were not allowed to enter stadiums to watch men’s soccer or competitions.
For the past 40 years, there have been exceptions, but even when the fans were in the yard, they were forced to use a veil. The missionaries believe that women must be protected, avoid being polluted by the masculine atmosphere, or witness unfamiliar men competing with clothes not seriously.
In 2001, only 20 Muslim women got to the 2002 World Cup qualifying matches. Four years later, just over a dozen people watched the matches between Iran and Bahrain. The fans still find their way into the football field, mainly in the matches of the clubs due to the small local area, little interest. But when discovered, they suffer from insults from men as well as most of Iranian society. Because there are no specific rules, FIFA is not sufficient to issue sanctions, especially with an Asian football No. 1 like Iran.
Until last year, when the 2018 World Cup took place, FIFA “green light” allows fans to watch the World Cup in Russia can bring banners to the field to claim the rights of Iranian women. In Tehran, women are allowed to enter the stadium for the first time to watch the Portuguese-Iran match. It is only the second time in nearly 40 years that Iranian women have been allowed to watch football at Azadi Stadium in the capital Tehran, which can accommodate 120,000 people.
But on the same day, according to a CNN reporter, 30 Iranian women were arrested outside the yard despite FIFA President Gianni Infantino in Tehran. And this is the reason why FIFA resolutely action, pressing for months.